© Reuters. FILE PHOTO: Residential and commercial buildings are located in downtown Guangzhou, China October 7, 2017. REUTERS/Bobby Yip
BEIJING (Reuters) – Banks in nearly 90 Chinese cities cut mortgage rates in February, a private research group said, in a bid to boost sales and sentiment in a residential property market rocked by a liquidity crunch and troubled developers.
Mortgage rates in 87 out of 103 cities surveyed by Beike Research Institute have come down, with 30 of them, including Beijing, leading with cuts of 5 basis points on average, in line with a similar decline in the five-year Loan Prime Rate (LPR) in January, the group said in a report published on Monday.
The mortgage rate reductions by commercial lenders followed two rounds of cuts in the benchmark LPR by the central bank in December and January, aimed at shoring up slowing growth in the world’s second-largest economy.
“Mortgage rates in Beijing and Shanghai fell for the first time month-on-month since mid-2020,” said Xu Xiaole, an analyst at the Beike institute, adding that there was more room for cuts.
China’s four biggest banks lowered mortgage rates in the southern city of Guangzhou by 20 basis points on Monday, sources told Reuters.
Mortgage rates in smaller cities such as Hohhot, Zhongshan and Huizhou were cut by 30 basis points, according to the Beijing-based institute.
“This change of policy does not mean the government already gave up the long-term goal of ‘houses are for people to live in, not for speculation’,” said Zhiwei Zhang, chief economist at Pinpoint Asset Management.
“Once growth stabilises in the second half and the important government meeting ends in the fourth quarter, the priority will likely shift back to the long-term objective,” Zhang said.
The ruling Communist Party is set to hold its once-in-five-years congress late this year.
Since late 2021, authorities have taken a slew of measures to avert a hard landing for the property sector, including steps to support buyers such as newly married couples.
Last week, some banks started to require smaller down-payments in a handful of cities not constrained by regulatory restrictions on purchases.
The People’s Bank of China and the China Banking and Insurance Regulatory Commission did not respond to Reuters requests for comment.
The Shanghai branch of the central bank has told commercial lenders in the financial hub to accelerate real estate-related loans, said two sources with knowledge of the matter.
At Shanghai banks, the monthly growth of property loans, including mortgages, must not lag behind the growth of other loans, and the balance of real estate loans at the end of each month must not decline from a year earlier, the sources said.
The Shanghai branch of PBOC declined to comment.
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